How to test for Fake Silver?

How do we test for real or Fake Silver?

When we buy precious metals, we want to make sure we get the real, authentic metal. There are many good ways to test for real silver.

Magnet Test

One of the easiest way is to use magnet. Silver and gold are diamagnetic (metals that are not attracted to magnets) and a magnet will not stick to it. Any metal that sticks to magnet is definitely fake.

And real silver has an interesting reaction to magnet. When you move a magnet over the surface of a silver bar, you will feel a small resistance, as real silver is paramagnetic and create electromagnetic waves that resists the movement.

Ice Cube Test

Among all the metal, silver is the best conductor of thermal energy. It conduct heats extremely well. If you place an ice on top of a real silver coin, it will melt immediately, as if it is on a hot surface.

Sound Test

Strike your silver bar with another metallic object. If it is a real silver, you would hear a ringing sound that holds for 1-2 seconds. If the sound is non-ringing or a strange dull sound, please be cautious.

Density Test

Get an accurate scale and note the weight of your silver bar.

Get a glass of water, place it on the scale, and set the scale to ZERO.

Tie the silver bar, dip it COMPLETELY into the water, but without touching the base of the glass. The silver bar should be in the middle of the water, note this new weight number on the scale.

Divide the first weight of the bar, by the 2nd weight number (in the water), this number should be 10.49 for an accurate measurement of Silver density. (Silver Density = 10.49 g/cm3)

Ultrasound Test.

Using special instrument, you can use an ultrasonic device to test for consistency in a bullion bar. Sound waves travel at different speed through different metal. If your silver bar is merely silver plated, the numbers would differ from a pure silver bar of 99.9 purity. The sound velocity for pure silver should be 3600 meters / second (or  0.140 Inch/µSecond)

 

Caliper Test

Many established brand mint has known dimension and tight tolerance levels. For example, a silver Panda coin of 1 oz would have a diameter of 40.0mm and a thickness of 2.98mm. An American Silver Eagle 1 oz has a diameter of 40.6mm and a thickness of 2.98mm Calipers can reveal any inconsistencies in dimensions, and you should refrain from buying such items.

Acid Test

Warning: This test is destructive and will spoil a tiny portion of your silver. Please do not use unless absolutely necessary.

Buy an acid test kit, it is commonly sold on Amazon. Scratch a surface of the silver bullion and add a few drops of the acid on the silver. If it is pure silver, the color would be Bright Red. If it is silver, but not pure, it would be dark red, brown or green. Any other color means it has no silver in it at all.

Some key pointers before you buy that Silver!

  • Buy from a reputable merchant. If you buy directly from something like Ebay or Carousell, there are no guarantees that your product is authentic. (www.goldsilvercity.com.sg is backed by a Singapore firm, Newell Builders Pte Ltd, that has been established for more than 30 years. We are here for long term business. Over time, we have many regular gold and silver clients, check the clients’ reviews at www.facebook.com/goldsilvercitysg)
  • Mints are starting to fight back as well – some newer products have additional security features to prevent counterfeiting.
  • Know and understand how the different tests for fake bullion work, and use them to verify that your gold or silver is real.

 

Buying Gold Silver Guide – Gold or Silver?

Buying Gold Silver Guide – Gold or Silver?

For all new stackers who wish to start saving their hard earned money in physical metal, the first question usually arise would be:-

Which precious metal?

Well, firstly  precious metal is a rare, naturally occurring metal of high economical value. We have used precious metals previous as currency, such as coins and taels. With the creation of modern fiat currency, precious metals are now widely regarded mainly as investment and industrial commodities.

Gold Silver coins

The best-known precious metals are  gold and silver. There are other precious metals such as ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, osmium, iridium and of course, platinum. However, these rare precious metals are rarely traded and less liquid as the 2 most common precious metals known to us – Gold and Silver.

Let us focus on Gold and Silver, which are the popular precious metal in Singapore.

Gold –

Currently as of 16 August 2015, the spot price of gold is SGD $1567.53 per troy ounce (or USD $1114.30)

Valcambi Suisse Minted Gold Bar
Valcambi Suisse Minted Gold Bar

Gold is the most recognised, most liquid precious metal. Not only is it easier to buy, it is easier to liquidate for cash too. Gold is a popular jewellery, but for investment, we would only deal with investment grade gold, in the form of bullion bars or coins. You can buy pure gold coin or bars from bank, such as UOB head branch, or jewellery stores. These are usually a lot more convenient, almost any jewellery stores would have gold bars of different sizes for sales.  Unfortunately, most of these gold bars and coins are sold at a high mark up. The high mark up is mostly because of the high rental costs and branding of the bank or jewellery stores.

You can also visit shops that specialise in bullion gold / silver, the markups are low as they specialise in bullion products and generally has less recognition power compared to UOB or big brand jewellery name like Poh Heng Jewellery. A quick search would reveal many bullion shop such as Gold Silver City in Singapore or Gold Silver Singapore.

Most importantly, the reason why Gold is the top choice of many investors is because it is so recognised in value and easy to liquidate. You can sell gold easily, without too much loss in value. Most banks and jewellery franchise buyback, though they cut a commission for themselves. You can sell to bullion shops,  majority of them buybacks. You can visit any pawnshops in your neighbourhood and you can get cold hard cash easily. If you bother to use forums, eBay, carousells or other avenues, you can even get a slightly better price. It is that easy to convert your investment into cash.

2015-gold-panda-half-oz-bs2

The biggest disadvantage of gold is that it is so costly, and it may be difficult for cost averaging when one small gold coin of 1 ounce costs $1600. Thankfully there are gold bars and coins that are smaller. For investment, gold is a bit more demanding on the pocket.

 

Silver

Currently as of 16 August 2015, the spot price of silver is SGD $21.52 per troy ounce (or USD $15.30)

stacking silver

As you can see, the biggest advantage of stacking silver is that it is light on the pocket. One ounce of silver costs you only a meal at a causal restaurant in Singapore. That is also why Robert Kiyosaki of Best Selling Book  “Rich Dad, Poor Dad” strongly allocates buying silver, even for workers who are struggling to meet the challenges of rising costs of living. One can afford to stash away a few coins or bars monthly to save up for the future, rather than splurging on movies or costly meals.

Another advantage is that many silver investors find silver to be a higher potential in risk-reward ratio than gold. As the price of silver is so low currently, the chances of it doubling or tripling is a lot more likely than gold. ($1600 SGD double to $3200 SGD is a lot harder than doubling from $22 SGD to $44 or $66) Also there is a good chance the gold silver price ratio may move towards more silver. There are increasing industrial demand for usage of silver in our smartphones, solar panels etc.  Hence, there is a lot more speculative return potential on silver.

The biggest drawback of silver is that it is harder to buy or sell. Most jewellery stores do not sell silver, neither do banks. Bullion shops that specialise in precious metals would definitely sell silver coins or bars for investors. In Singapore there are many bullion shop such as Gold Silver City in Singapore or Gold Silver Singapore. It would be difficult to buy silver from convenient locations such as jewellery stores or banks.

39-2015-AusKoala-Silver-4CoinSet-Bullion-OnEdge-LowRes

If you like to sell your silver for cash, it is definitely more challenging than selling gold. Banks, jewellery stores and most pawn shops do not buy silver, so your only choice is via bullion shops that buy back. You may also sell them via forums and ebay. Thankfully silver is starting to get more recognised, and there are some pawnshops that are beginning to buy and sell silver. Silver would definitely get more traction.

In summary here are simplified pros and cons of gold and silver.

Gold- Pros:

More recognised. Easy to buy and sell.

Gold- Cons:

Higher dollar investment per ounce

Silver- Pros:

Lower dollar investment per ounce
Higher potential risk-reward ratios

Silver -Cons:

Less liquid- less locations to sell off.

Ultrasonic Device - To test Real or Fake Gold, Silver bars / Coins

Ultrasonic Device – To test Real or Fake Gold, Silver bars / Coins

Ultrasonic Device – For Testing Real or Fake Gold, Silver bars / Coins

All our suppliers use sophisticated spectrum devices to know the precise purity of our precious metals. As such devices can be large and take up some space, Gold Silver City has also bought a small portable device that we can bring to clients to test whether their gold and silver bars coins are real or fake.

Testing for Real gold or real silver in Singapore

This is a simple ultrasonic device that we can use to test for real or fake gold.
Similarly it can be used to test real or fake silver.

Many of my regulars who have bought precious metals from me over time understand that my gold, silver bars comes in their original packaging. Those that are minted with serial numbers and certificates can give a sense of security.
For those bars and coins that have no serial number nor certificate, I have bought this new ultrasonic device to give them another layer of authenticity.

Real Gold / Real Silver Sound Velocity

The sound velocity for pure gold should be 3200 meters / second (or 0.130 Inch/µSecond)
The sound velocity for pure silver should be 3600 meters / second (or 0.140 Inch/µSecond)

Remember, please only buy gold and silver bars / coins from reputable merchants like www.goldsilvercity.com.sg
For more updates and useful articles, please do LIKE http://www.facebook.com/goldsilvercitysg

For any clients who wishes to buy gold or silver, you can request for a testing. I will bring the ultrasonic device when I deliver the gold, silver, bars and coins to your doorstep.
Have fun stacking precious metals!

Sincerely,
www.goldsilvercity.com.sg

Unboxing 2015 Silver Panda 1oz, 20 trays of 30 coins- 2hours of unboxing!

Free the Panda!

The Monster Box for panda is amazing SECURED.
Two metal chain that took 20 over minutes to cut through. And we realise the whole plastic lips has additional 8 plastic locks.
And all plastic locks are doubled locked.

2015 Silver Panda 1oz Unboxing
2015 Silver Panda 1oz Unboxing

 

Took a group of us, 2 hours to cut through….
2 hours of sweat and painful hands…

And majority of them are sold. Only 8 5 trays left!

Another note- Engelhard bars 10 oz are totally sold out!  The next delivery is a few weeks later, please pre-order soon!

Engelhard Bars Singapore

Engelhard Silver bars 5oz 10oz in Singapore

Brand New, Historically Beautiful.

The new Engelhard Australia bars are here! The early batch of 5oz and 10oz has finally arrived in Singapore.

Engelhard Bar Silver 10 oz
Engelhard Bar Silver 10 oz

 

You can buy the 10 oz bars  here

Engelhard Bar Silver 5 oz
Engelhard Bar Silver 5 oz

Or you can buy the 5 oz bars here

And for those who like more varieties in your silver stacking, the 2 oz and the 1 kilogram bar would be arriving in a few weeks time.

Stay tuned to this website and you may LIKE our facebook page for the latest photos and gold / silver updates and exclusive contests and promotions!

 

How do we test for Fake or Real Gold?

How do we test for fake or real gold?

When we buy precious metals, we want to make sure we get the real, authentic metal. We want the real gold. There are many good ways to test for gold.

Caliper Test

Many established branded gold bars or coins has known dimension and tight tolerance levels.  For example, a 1 oz  Canadian Maple Leaf Gold Coin has a diameter of 30.0mm and a thickness of 2.80mm. A 1 oz Chinese Panda Gold coin has a diameter of 30.05mm and a thickness of 2.70mm. Calipers can reveal any inconsistencies in dimensions, and you should refrain from buying such items.

Gold Coin CML descriptions
Gold Coin CML descriptions

Magnet Test

One of the easiest way is to use magnet. Most metals are attracted to magnet, but silver and gold are diamagnetic (metals that are not attracted to magnets) and a magnet will not stick to it. Use a very strong magnet, such as neodymium, to test the gold. If it stick to the magnet, then it is fake gold.

Do note that this is not a 100% foolproof test to determine real gold. Some counterfeit gold are made from metals that are not magnetic in nature.

Density Test

Get an accurate scale and note the weight of your Gold bar.

Get a glass of water, place it on the scale, and set the scale to ZERO.

Tie the gold bar, dip it COMPLETELY into the water, but without touching the base of the glass. The gold bar should be in the middle of the water, note this new weight number on the scale.

Divide the first weight of the bar, by the 2nd weight number (in the water), this number should be 19.30 for an accurate measurement of Gold density. (Pure Gold Density = 19.30 g/cm3)

 

Ultrasound Test.

Using special instrument, you can use an ultrasonic device to test for consistency in a bullion bar. Sound waves travel at different speed through different metal. If your gold bar is merely gold plated, the numbers would differ from a pure gold bar of 99.9 purity. The sound velocity for pure gold should be 3200 meters / second (or  0.130 Inch/µSecond)

 

Porcelain Test

Rub the piece of gold across a piece of unglazed porcelain tile. It should not make a black streak. If it does then it is pyrite. If the streak is golden yellow then it is gold.

Acid Test

Warning: This test is destructive and will spoil a tiny portion of your gold. Please do not use unless absolutely necessary.

Buy a nitric acid test kit. Scratch a surface of the gold piece and add a few drops of the acid on the gold. If it turns green, the item is either brass metal or gold plated. If it turns milky, it is gold plated sterling silver. If there is no reaction, then it is real gold.

Some key pointers before you buy that gold!

  • Buy from a reputable merchant. If you buy directly from something like Ebay or Carousell, there are no guarantees that your product is authentic. (www.goldsilvercity.com.sg is backed by a Singapore firm, Newell Builders Pte Ltd, that has been established for more than 30 years. We are here for long term business. Over time, we have many regular gold and silver clients, check the clients’ reviews at www.facebook.com/goldsilvercitysg)
  • Mints are starting to fight back as well – some newer products have additional security features to prevent counterfeiting.
  • Know and understand how the different tests for fake bullion work, and use them to verify that your gold or silver is real.

Win 1000g Silver Bar in our Facebook contest

Win a kilogram silver bar!
Lucky Draw 1 – 30 June 2015

Win 1000g Silver Bar in our Facebook contest
Win 1000g Silver Bar in our Facebook contest

One whole Nadir 1000g silver bar is up for our Great Singapore Sales Lucky Draw! (WORTH $850! Based on today spot price)

What you need to do to win:-
Step 1: LIKE Our Facebook Page (www.facebook.com/goldsilvercitysg)
Step 2: SHARE the post (the facebook post) with all your friends on Your facebook wall.
Step 3: COMMENT in the facebook comment box below after you are done!

Results will be announced here on facebook on 5th July 2015.
Good luck!!

7 Tips to start stacking Silver

7 tips to start stacking Silver coins or bars

If you are new to stacking and don’t have a clear concept on how to start, here are some tips here. I am no expert, there are many more experts out there preaching their advice. Be cautious though, as many advice can be confusing and not suitable for newbies. I learnt this the hardway. I started some years ago and learnt through the school of trials and errors:-

start stacking silver
The joy of seeing your wealth grow
  1. Start stacking silver with a clear budget. Know what amount of your disposable income you can afford to start stacking. Only use spare cash that you can afford, for example, how about reducing your entertainment expenses like that weekly drinking session? Or cut down on that expensive daily starbucks? Those small bills can pile up to be a good silver stack.
  2. Do not get carried away and over-stack. Start small, and do it regularly, along the principles of dollar cost averaging. Do NOT throw all your cash into silver. Keep some cash for unpredictable emergency needs. This is to avoid selling your silver at inappropriate timing when you badly need the cash.
  3. Diversify your investments for the future. Do not invest in silver. It is healthy to hold a good portion in precious metals, such as gold. Invest in stock index funds, some healthy insurance plans or pay off your mortgages and debts. Plan for the future.
  4. Especially for newbies, do not get overly excited and buy everything! Stick to regular buying. It would be better than to overindulge and exhaust your savings. Many newbies fall in love with this healthy habit so much that they overstretched themselves in the first few months.
  5. If you are fairly new, stay away from the fanciful stuff. Numismatic coins are lovely, but as a newbie, wait till you are familiar with mintage and designs first. If you really like a design, do some research and buy small. You may become more skilled at this and appreciate this hobby, but start slow and slow.
  6. Try not to buy from eBay, Craiglist, Carousell or some unknown guy from any forum. There are many bad sheeps and fraudsters around. Stick with some reputable online or physical shops. Take your time to shop around. You can google for a few shops. (Disclaimer I am vested with www.goldsilvercity.com.sg which offers free delivery and low premiums)
  7. Don’t be impatient. This is a great hobby that will grow with you for years. =)

Start Stacking silver. Start small and buy regularly, like once a week or month. Enjoy this beautiful and valuable hobby and you will be thankful when you retire!

Cedric Soh
www.goldsilvercity.com.sg

Gold, Silver, Platinum TA (Technical Analysis) 09th May 2015

For those who loves to look at TA movement of gold, silver and platinum, hoping to grab some physical silver or gold coins before the market trends move up…

Here is a simple TA analysis by Mr Cillin, with permission from him.

His analysis :-

Gold, Silver and Platinum
Symmetrical triangle form in Silver and Platinum looking for break down or break out.  Gold seem to have Symmetrical triangle too.
Gold COT buying interest is increasing yet to hit above 90
Silver and Platinum COT buying interest decreased last week after few weeks of increasing

via:- Cillin Trading Planner

By the way: COT refers to Commitments of Traders, a report that shows both the interests of commercial users / producers (meaning they uses or produces the commodity as part of their manufacturing process) as well as those who trade the commodities for financial speculations.

More on the COT can be found here.

What is silver stacking?

What is silver stacking?

Silver Stacking (or Gold Stacking) is the habit of accumulating tangible assets, not intangible ones like paper certificates, in the forms of coins or bullions such as bars, rounds or ingots.

Generally bullions such as bar has less premium price, hence it is better value for money since you can also purchase a large bar for cost savings. If you can afford it, you can purchase a large bar monthly.
Coins are favoured usually because it can be smaller in weightage, and hence, easier to start stacking up. It is also preferred as when you wish to liquidate due to needs such as holidays or emergencies, you may not need to sell a large bullion but just a few coins.
Also, coins can carry numismatic value which can be appreciated by collectors.

silver stacking in singapore
there are lots of coins for collectors
Why would you want to stack silver?

Firstly, silver stacking is an excellent hedge against inflation, just like gold. It increases in value as inflation reduce how much your dollar can buy. Secondly, both silver and gold possess an intrinsic store of value, which is the main reason why people wants to invest it it. It is this store of value that silver and gold is used as money in the past as well as demanded by national government reserves all over the world.
Also, both gold and especially silver has huge and increasing demands from industrial manufacturers, from our cars to mobile phone to solar panels and generators.

One huge reason for silver stacking is as an investment to profit or hedge against financial crisis. The Great Recession from 2008 has led to huge amount of printing money by the USA government, the Euro bank, and even Japan and China government. There is fear of a global financial currency crisis and people’s currency will lose tremendous value. In a global dollar collapse, hyperinflation will rear its ugly head out. A flight to safety will take root and people with real gold and silver physical holdings will benefit. This is especially so as current paper gold and silver trading is a few hundred times OVER the physical assets silver available. In a big crisis, these paper values may not hold water.

Silver stackers invest weekly or monthly in some form of silvers, knowing that they will profit and sleep well in troubled times. Silver and gold has dropped and stay flat, this is a great opportunity to invest and stack up. Stackers know that the fundamental demand for silver and gold is real, because we using so much iPad, solar panels, smartphones and etc, and yet the mines’ production has been lagging.

Silver Stacking means you buy what you can afford to keep for a raining day. If you just cut down on some luxury spending or gourmet coffee and buy 10oz a month instead, you will have 600oz saved up in 5 years. If silver price move from $17 to just a mere $25, you see an almost 50% increase in your portfolio.

Start silver stacking- www.goldsilvercity.com.sg is proud to offer free delivery at no extra costs.

Cedric Soh, Singapore
www.goldsilvercity.com.sg

Buy Silver Gold Singapore Free Delivery

Buy Silver Gold Singapore Free Delivery?
Gold Silver City now offers you an easy way to invest and save up in physical silver and gold! You can now buy silver or gold, either in bars or coins, from the comfort of your home. You only pay for it when it arrives at your doorstep.

Buy Silver Gold Singapore Free Delivery

Buy Silver Gold Singapore Free Delivery

We deliver the silver and gold to your location. For this soft launch of our website, we have reduced the minimum requirements. That is right, instead of the usual 100 oz silver minimum purchase, all combined purchases above $200 is entitled to qualify for this FREE delivery offer!
This free delivery will last till 1st June 2015, on our official launch date! Do stay tuned on this website or like our Facebook page for special launch promotion!

And to top it off, we are currently the lowest priced for all of our silver and gold bullion and numismatic coins in Singapore! Not only are our gold and silver prices the best in Singapore market, you are getting a special delivery service with it. There are no financial risks as you only pay when delivery is made to your location.

As mentioned in our About Us, we have our background in 30 over years of construction business. We are vested to provide high grade silver and gold precious metal to all our clients!

Please do take advantage of the current low historical silver and gold spot rate to Buy Silver Gold Singapore Free Delivery!
This is a simply great time to start saving up in precious gold and silver.
For all enquires, you can email me at info@goldsilvercity.com.sg or call, SMS or whatsapp me at 94312321

Sincerely,
Cedric Soh
www.goldsilvercity.com.sg

PS: If you know a good deal, please do share it with your friends! Please Like and Share our facebook page, or recommend your relatives and friends to us. They would appreciate you recommending a good deal. =)

Why own physical silver or gold? Protect & accumulate wealth

For many  investors, they may choose to hold a portion of their investments in gold and silver to hedge against inflation and economic black swan events. To hold precious metals as a hedge, there are a huge variety of choices – Gold, Silver ETFs, stocks holdings of mining companies and paper certificates.. So why own physical silver or gold?

Do remember that all paper assets are at the mercy of the financial market. Paper records can be varnished in a disaster, either man-made or natural. Financial markets turmoils in a black swan event can rendered you asset-less.
Only physical gold / silver bars or coins that you possess guarantees ownerships.
why own physical silver or gold
By investing in physical stocks, you would also have a better saving habit due to human psychological emotions. – You would be much more reluctant to return your physical silver bars or coins than it is to click on “sell” on your paper certificates.

Buying physical gold / silver bullion or coin is also amazingly easy.

There is no need to set up brokerage account, no need to sign any documents. You can just walk into any jewellery or coin/bullion shops, though you would have to pay a slight premium. An easier way is to buy online from www.goldsilvercity.com.sg which provides free delivery as well. You would be paying lesser because the online business has no expensive rentals. Every dollar saved goes to your peaceful retirement account!

Large bullions like 1 kg silver bar is more value for money. However you may consider smaller coins or bars, such as 10-ounce coins. A large collection of smaller coins or bars is easier for you to only sell a few coins to meet your needs, such as for a travel holiday, a business expansion, instead of having to sell the whole kilogram of silver or gold.

It is also more sensible to collect silver, as silver is more affordable and easier to collect monthly as a saving plan. As an investment asset, it is comparable in terms of liquidity, long term value, and has great fundamental demands in industries.

When you fall in love with gold, silver collection, you may move to numismatic collections, appreciating the artistic and beautiful designs on coins! There are many reasons to why own physical silver or gold, but one of the best reason is probably this:- it can be a great hobby for many collectors. Collectors know that many of their collections appreciate in values, and could be a lot more financial rewarding than other expensive hobbies.

Sincerely,
Cedric Soh
www.goldsilvercity.com.sg

Demand for Silver – Silver in everyday uses

Demand for Silver

One of the reason to be bullish on silver in the long term is that silver is used by many commercial and industrial firms for products that are indispensable in our daily lives. Demand for Silver is high in our industrial society.
Silver is now such a versatile industrial metal that we see it as a great way to save and invest in our diversified portfolio.

You may not realised it, but the moment you woke up, you have been using products with silver in it.
Silver is present in your alarm clock, your wall switch, bathroom mirror, your electronics devices that you check immediately upon waking up, such as your mobile phone, your iPad, Apple Watch or your computers.

When you have breakfast, silver is in your microwave, your refrigerator, your water purifier.
Silver is now starting to be used widely to purify your water instead of toxic chemicals like chlorine or bromine. Silver is also used in some food processing, and food packaging to keep bacteria out.

Demand for Silver
Money. Silver is minted as money as well.

When you switched on your electricity, not only are silver wiring more efficient in conducting electricity, your energy plants also uses silver for generation.
Fossil fuel plants uses silver coated mirror for steam generation, and solar photovoltaics uses silver paste in their productions.

You put on your clothes, if you are wearing polyester, silver is required. And if you used a washing machine to clean your clothes, silver is present as a catalyst for the cleansing operations. For smart clothings now in trials, silver is used too.

As you head out to your car to start your day, guess what, your car contains many ounces of silver, both in the electronics component as well as in the engine as catalyst. Your modern RIFD car key contains silver, and if you are one of the electric car owners, well, more silver is inside.

Yes I can go on and on, but I think you get the message, widespread demand for silver is a key fundamental reason why so many savers and investors like to stock up on silver. And many have stock up from www.goldsilvercity.com.sg

For seasoned investors with a healthy portfolio of stocks, bonds or property, silver /gold physical bullions offer a great way to diversify into a stable and rewarding portfolio such as the Browne Permanent Portfolio, which I will go into more details on another post.

As for why physical holding of bullions and coins may be a good choice, we would visit this soon!
Cedric Soh
www.goldsilvercity.com.sg